Mindset: The New Psychology of Success

Mindset: The New Psychology of Success

Now updated with new research — the book that has changed millions of lives.After decades of research, world-renowned Stanford University psychologist Carol S. Dweck, Ph.D., discovered a simple but groundbreaking idea: the power of mindset. In this brilliant book, she shows how success in school, work, sports, the arts, and almost every area of human endeavor can be dramat...

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Title:Mindset: The New Psychology of Success
Author:Carol S. Dweck
Rating:
Edition Language:English

Mindset: The New Psychology of Success Reviews

  • Michael

    Excellent book. This one sounds like a typical self-help book, but it's a real find. The author is a pyschology researcher at Columbia, and her book is filled with insights and illustrations regarding the differences that a fixed mindset vs. a growth mindset can have when applied to business, parenting, school, and relationships. Her research has been highlighted in many venues, including an excellent book on parenting titled Nurture Shock.

    I give it 5 stars because I can see so much of myself i

    Excellent book. This one sounds like a typical self-help book, but it's a real find. The author is a pyschology researcher at Columbia, and her book is filled with insights and illustrations regarding the differences that a fixed mindset vs. a growth mindset can have when applied to business, parenting, school, and relationships. Her research has been highlighted in many venues, including an excellent book on parenting titled Nurture Shock.

    I give it 5 stars because I can see so much of myself in the book's description of the fixed mindset. The book's message spoke to me and the mindset I've adopted in some areas of my life. I'm particularly prone to the "Effort Gone Awry" scenario where I would work hard, but not with a growth mindset (i.e., one associated with the love of learning). Rather, I'd be working hard to prove myself to others. I worked hard to have achievements that would validate my self worth and adopted identity. The downside is that you end up being unwilling to take risks or face tough challenges (if you fail, your self worth goes down). Also, you end up running yourself ragged and being stressed out because you're afraid of losing the approval of others if you don't succeed.

    I find the growth mindset fits very well within a Christian perspective as our life in God needs to be always one of continual growth -- "higher up and deeper in" as C.S. Lewis would say. The fixed vs. growth mindset isn't the whole story, but it's an important part of the puzzle in helping us better understand how our minds work.

    I like the diagram on p.245 that I believe sums up the message of the book.

    Fixed Mindset:

    -E.g., Intelligence is static

    Leads to a desire to look smart and therefore a tendency to...

    Challenges: avoid challenges

    Obstacles: get defensive or give up easily

    Effort: see effort as fruitless or worse

    Criticism: ignore useful negative feedback

    Success of others: feel threatened by the success of others

    => As a result, they may plateau early and achieve less than their full potential

    Growth Mindset:

    -E.g., Intelligence can be developed

    Leads to a desire to learn and therefore a tendency to...

    Challenges: embrace challenges

    Obstacles: persist in the face of setbacks

    Effort: see effort as the path to mastery

    Criticism: learn from criticism

    Success of others: find lessons and inspiration in the success of others

    => As a result, they reach ever-higher levels of achievement

    These basic questions are also helpful in developing a growth mindset.

    I need to continually ask myself:

    -What are the opportunities for learning and growth today? For myself? For the people around me?

    As I think of opportunities and form a plan, I need to ask:

    When, where, and how will I embark on my plan?

    As I encounter difficulties, I need to ask:

    When, where, and how will I act on my new plan?

    And when you succeed, ask yourself:

    What do I have to do to maintain and continue the growth?

  • Amir Tesla

    Have ever noticed those geeks, geniuses, and world-class achievers while thinking to yourself, gosh, if only I had such talents, or if only I had such high IQ? Disappointing, I know, I have been there. Perhaps, such way of thinking and having such beliefs about IQ and talent is the biggest hurdle in the way of great success and achievement.

    Thinking that we are born with a pre-determined IQ and talent, is called fixed-mindset according to Carol Dweck, a professor at Stanford Univ

    Have ever noticed those geeks, geniuses, and world-class achievers while thinking to yourself, gosh, if only I had such talents, or if only I had such high IQ? Disappointing, I know, I have been there. Perhaps, such way of thinking and having such beliefs about IQ and talent is the biggest hurdle in the way of great success and achievement.

    Thinking that we are born with a pre-determined IQ and talent, is called fixed-mindset according to Carol Dweck, a professor at Stanford University. The bad news is that people with fixed-mindset live a mediocre life and barely achieve anything extraordinary. The good news, however, is that you can readily change your fixed-mindset and adopt a growth-mindset which is the default mode thinking of world-class achievers.

    In this book review, I will provide a summary of the key points in the book “Mindset: The psychology of success”. In addition, I will provide you with practical insights on how you can apply the concepts in the book and alter this self-limiting belief. So, let’s learn how to think like pros.

    Dweck, as a young researcher, has always been obsessed with understanding how people cope with failure. So, at schools, she brings children into a room and gives them a series of puzzles to solve. Puzzles start from fairly easy and continue to get harder and harder. As the students grunt, perspire and toil, she watches their strategies. This is where she gets shocked by the two starkly different approaches children adopted when facing difficult challenges.

    Confronted with harder puzzles, one ten-year-old pulls up his chair, rubs his hands together, smacks his lips, and cries out, “I love a challenge! Another, seating away on the puzzles, looks up with a pleased expression and says with authority, “You know, I was hoping this would be informative!” As Dweck puts it:

    These children turned out to be thinking with a growth-mindset. A person with a growth mindset believes that human qualities, such as intellectual skills, can be cultivated through effort. Having this belief, not only they do not get discouraged by failure, they don’t even think they are failing. Rather, they think that they are learning, and consequently, they get smarter!

    The superpower of people with growth-mindset is that they have the confidence and courage to start and accomplish anything; and they do accomplish because, in the face of many inevitable failures, they are not discouraged. They do not say to themselves I am a failure, rather, they say I failed. Hence, they persevere, and they will triumph at the task.

    People with a fixed-mindset, on the other hand, think that human qualities are carved in stone. You are smart or you are not, and failure means you are not. The sad story for people with fixed-mindset is that the try to avoid failure at all costs, so they can stay (feel) smart. Struggles, mistakes, perseverance are just not part of their philosophy.

    The question that arises here, is why some people are endowed with a growth-mindset, while the others are doomed with the fixed-mindset. The answer is in their childhood upbringing and it is really simple.

    Imagine you are given a puzzle and you solve it. Now your parent sees your accomplishment. This is where the seeds to glory or mediocrity get implanted. If your parent praised you in the lines of:

    Sorry to tell, but you are doomed if you have heard similar praises during your childhood. Such complements may come from your parents, teachers, caretakers, the source doesn’t really matter. But wait for a second, aren't such praises suppose to uplift your spirit and raise your confidence?

    Well, let's see what happens behind the curtain (in your subconscious mind) when you are complimented on a trait, over which you have not direct control (in this case, IQ and intelligence).

    Imagine you have solved a puzzle and received a juicy complement hinting on you high IQ or intelligence. Now, you are given a harder puzzle, you strive to solve it, but, you notice it is taking much more time. This is where the self-limiting seeds start to grow. In your subconscious you will start a self-dialog along these lines: hmm, wasn’t I a smart boy/girl, why am I not able to solve this puzzle then??? Hmm, maybe this is just how smart I am. My intelligence is limited to those tasks only …

    From then on, you will be very conservative of the activities you will get yourself into for the sake of preserving your self-esteem. Too bad! Don’t freak out though if you are in this category, I will share with you how you can easily change this self-limiting mindset as we proceed.

    Now, let’s see how children are endowed with the growth mindset.

    Imagine, again, the very same scenario, you solve a problem and now it is time for some praises … Your parent, instructor, while marveling at your accomplishments, says:

    Take note that in the second scenario, there is no emphasis on an innate trait, rather, the praise is on something which is you have control over, that is, your efforts and how hard you work.

    Now let’s examine your self-dialog as you face the new harder challenge. When you try to solve the puzzle and it takes time more than the usual, if you could play your subconscious mind’s voice a little louder, you would hear:

    Hmm, I have not yet solved it, I have not tried enough, I must work harder on it, it is exciting.

    You see the difference?

    The cornerstone of change is to first acknowledge that a shortcoming exist. So, to uncover if you have the fixed or growth-mindset, read the sentences below:

    Our intelligence is something very basic about you that you can’t change very much.

    You can learn new things, but you can’t really change how intelligent you are.

    No matter how much intelligence you have, you can always change it quite a bit.

    You can always substantially change how intelligent you are.

    If you agree more with the sentences 1, and 2, you are mostly behaving and operating with a fixed-mindset, and if you identify yourself with sentences 3, and 4, you operating with a growth-mindset.

    When asked people, ranging from children to young adults: When Do You Feel Smart: When you are flawless or when you are learning? Here are how differently people with a fixed-mindset replied:

    It’s when I don’t make any mistakes.

    When I finish something fast and it’s perfect.

    When Something is easy for me but other people can’t do it.

    And this is how people with growth-mindset replied:

  • Otis Chandler

    Recommended in

    and by

    .

    A very useful book about the growth mindset. Essentially, the book makes a case that those people who look at everything they do in life as a learning opportunity are much more successful.

    I think where this comes into play most often is when we face a setback, or a failure. Whether thats getting rejected from something (a job, a team, etc), messing up at work, having your boss yell at you, losing at something, getting laid off, making a bad b

    Recommended in

    and by

    .

    A very useful book about the growth mindset. Essentially, the book makes a case that those people who look at everything they do in life as a learning opportunity are much more successful.

    I think where this comes into play most often is when we face a setback, or a failure. Whether thats getting rejected from something (a job, a team, etc), messing up at work, having your boss yell at you, losing at something, getting laid off, making a bad bet, etc - most of us have many setbacks in our lives. How we deal with those is incredibly important. If we let the setback define us, we might think we aren't talented after all, and lose confidence. If on the other hand, we look at it as something we can learn from, we improve as a person.

    I came at the book as it was recommended to me as being good for parents. My daughter is only 1.6 years, but already she is learning fast. The book recommends praising our children's efforts, instead of their results. Telling them they are "amazing", and "smart" is so easy to do, but if you do that their whole lives they won't succeed when they get to the real world. What you want is to encourage a learning attitude. This quote sums it up:

    Looking at life as a constant challenge is fun. And you can't fail at a personal challenge! Here is a great mental imagery technique the book mentioned when you are doing something you are bad at:

    Another interesting bit was how people at the top of their game can get caught up in a fixed mindset. You see this in sports all the team - the champion team from last year thinks they can cruise through this year, doesn't work hard, and suddenly they are losing a lot. It's so hard to maintain the edge. John Wooden puts it best:

  • Maede

    تأثیر این کتاب روی من عجیب بود. مخصوصا اینکه چیز جدیدی به من نمی گفت. چیزهایی رو می گفت که من همیشه می دونستم ولی خوندن این کتاب بهم نشون داد که همیشه ناراضی بودم چون این هارو می دونستم و هیچوقت برای خودم عملی نکردم

    از موقعی که هشت سالم بود با بچه های ضعیف تر کلاس ریاضی کار می کردم و با همه ی کودکیم اعتقاد داشتم که اگر بیشتر تلاش کنند می تونند. نمی دونستم چرا برای خودم هرگز این کار رو نکردم

    همیشه به تلاش اعتقاد داشتم و هیچوقت اونجور که باید تلاش نکردم. خودم رو که بیشتر شناختم دیدم که از ترس شکست ف

    تأثیر این کتاب روی من عجیب بود. مخصوصا اینکه چیز جدیدی به من نمی گفت. چیزهایی رو می گفت که من همیشه می دونستم ولی خوندن این کتاب بهم نشون داد که همیشه ناراضی بودم چون این هارو می دونستم و هیچوقت برای خودم عملی نکردم

    از موقعی که هشت سالم بود با بچه های ضعیف تر کلاس ریاضی کار می کردم و با همه ی کودکیم اعتقاد داشتم که اگر بیشتر تلاش کنند می تونند. نمی دونستم چرا برای خودم هرگز این کار رو نکردم

    همیشه به تلاش اعتقاد داشتم و هیچوقت اونجور که باید تلاش نکردم. خودم رو که بیشتر شناختم دیدم که از ترس شکست فرار می کردم. اینکه یا باید اول باشم یا هیچ چیز نباشم

    تمام کاری که این کتاب کرد روشن کردن و باز کردن فکر های خودم بود و اینکه باعث شد به طور جدی به تغییر روش فکر کنم. به کنار گذاشتن این فکر که من دیگه خراب کردم، دیره، کار از کار گذشته

    به خاطر این کتاب به فکر فرو رفتم که کمی به این وحشت قضاوت شدن و انتقاد شدن غلبه کنم

    کتاب تکرار زیاد می کنه، زمینه های مختلفی رو بررسی می کنه و شاید بیش از حد مثال میزنه ولی در آخر فقط یک چیز رو میگه

    امتیاز کتاب به خاطر تاثیرش روی فکرم بود و اینکه هرجوری نوشته شده موفق شد این کار رو بکنه

    95.12.12

  • Cerealflakes

    I keep hearing educators praising this author and, specifically, this book. Maybe she's better in person. I found this book trite. It was very repetitive and full of cherry picked stories pulled out just to prove her obvious conclusion. Are there really people who think that if you go into something with a negative attitude it won't affect the outcome? She goes to the extreme with the positive attitude stuff, though. I just don't buy that anyone can do anything if they just try hard enough. Not

    I keep hearing educators praising this author and, specifically, this book. Maybe she's better in person. I found this book trite. It was very repetitive and full of cherry picked stories pulled out just to prove her obvious conclusion. Are there really people who think that if you go into something with a negative attitude it won't affect the outcome? She goes to the extreme with the positive attitude stuff, though. I just don't buy that anyone can do anything if they just try hard enough. Not trying guarantees you won't do it, but trying really hard doesn't mean you will. Lots of people try hard for years to get into the Olympics and they don't. It doesn't mean that they didn't work as hard as someone who did. The author also inserted herself pretty aggressively into this book. Her story about tears streaming down her face at the wonderfulness of Italians was too much. This book is dated enough that her stories of the greatness of Tiger Woods is pretty funny.

    I found Malcolm Gladwell's Outliers to be a much better book about a similar topic.

  • Mark

    Here is a message to anyone close to me who may over hear me saying, 'I must read that popular psychology book ...', at some point in the future. Don't let me forget how vapid and uninspiring

    book was. Please remark: 'don't forget about Mindset Mark!'

    Let me try and save you some time by summarising (not sure if this qualifies as a spoiler, I guess not):

    This represents the

    . Rather, it is good to think to yourself:

    Here is a message to anyone close to me who may over hear me saying, 'I must read that popular psychology book ...', at some point in the future. Don't let me forget how vapid and uninspiring

    book was. Please remark: 'don't forget about Mindset Mark!'

    Let me try and save you some time by summarising (not sure if this qualifies as a spoiler, I guess not):

    This represents the

    . Rather, it is good to think to yourself:

    This accords with the

    .

    Actually, that is a little unfair, there is one more point worth mentioning. If you have children, as I do, then:

    Because rewarding effort encourages development of the growth mindset.

    How is it that these simple nuggets of truth can be passed on in the space of a goodreads review, whereas Ms. Dweck requires an entire book?

  • Joshua Guest

    Okay, so the idea is fine, and usable, and easy to explain to others, and pretty simple. I was about to give this book a one-star rating because I was so irritated with Dr. Dweck trying to shoehorn her idea into every single success story in the history of humanity and basically saying that her theory was the best explanation of that success. Conversely, every failure could have been averted but for a change in mindset.

    Okay, so the idea is fine, and usable, and easy to explain to others, and pretty simple. I was about to give this book a one-star rating because I was so irritated with Dr. Dweck trying to shoehorn her idea into every single success story in the history of humanity and basically saying that her theory was the best explanation of that success. Conversely, every failure could have been averted but for a change in mindset.

    Dweck may be too in love with her own ideas to realize that she oversells the usefulness of her theory to the extent that the portion that is actually workable seems underwhelming after cutting away from her salesman-like puffery. However,

    still serves as a useful supplement to a change manager's library. Its principles are serviceable to the manager, the parent, the spouse, the student, and the teacher.

    Just don't mistake it for a panacea.

  • Jamie Doerschuck

    I think a lot of people who rated this book highly must have had a "fixed mindset".

    I think this book was a waste of money, personally. The tone of the book is very repetitive and annoying. Essentially people with a growth mindset are better than people without it in every possible way. If you have a fixed mindset you'll have lower grades in school, be unhappier, die earlier, be fatter, (be more likely to) never get married, make a bundle less money, you name it! It reads more like fear mongering

    I think a lot of people who rated this book highly must have had a "fixed mindset".

    I think this book was a waste of money, personally. The tone of the book is very repetitive and annoying. Essentially people with a growth mindset are better than people without it in every possible way. If you have a fixed mindset you'll have lower grades in school, be unhappier, die earlier, be fatter, (be more likely to) never get married, make a bundle less money, you name it! It reads more like fear mongering than actual research, rattling off a list of everyone's most basic fears "But if you listen to me, Carol Dweck, all of your dreams and more will come true!".

    I also don't recall Dweck listing many references to any of her research, you're just supposed to take her stories at face value "Because I'm a researcher!".

    Mindset offers a lot of words with little substance. I will admit that I haven't finished the book, and I don't plan to. Dweck's tone really just grated on my nerves, and I don't feel I gained anything useful from reading what parts of the book I read. I can't imagine anything more useful coming to light at the end.

  • Kirsten

    Let me preface this review by saying that my boss made me read this book, because, apparently, reading assignments are something that I should have as a 5th year PhD candidate. Not only that, but I'm pretty sure no one should require me to read a shitty waste-of time self help book.

    Let me save you the money and the aggrivation: The point of this book is (admittedly) not terrible, but it could be summed up real fast. Here you go, you're welcome.

    Often, people see their abilities as 'fixed' and thi

    Let me preface this review by saying that my boss made me read this book, because, apparently, reading assignments are something that I should have as a 5th year PhD candidate. Not only that, but I'm pretty sure no one should require me to read a shitty waste-of time self help book.

    Let me save you the money and the aggrivation: The point of this book is (admittedly) not terrible, but it could be summed up real fast. Here you go, you're welcome.

    Often, people see their abilities as 'fixed' and this attitude stops them from working to better themselves, turns out that if you work hard and keep the right can-do attitude, that you can accomplish more than if you think you're doomed to be a particular skill level forever. There are examples of this all around you.

    Boom. Done. But no. What you get with this book is an endless diatribe. Hey, you remember that thing that happened in history? Where X person did Y thing that turned out to be good/bad? Well, if it was bad, it was TOTALLY because they had a fixed mindset. If it was good, it was 100% because of their growth mindset. This is true of literally any example in history ever no matter how poorly researched it might be. Michael Jordan? SURE THING. That guy from that one business that went bad? WHAT A FIX MINDED DUMBASS. Bethoven? Duh. Seriously, I don't think I have ever read something so repetitive and belabored in my life. Sure, lady, you make a good point: People shouldn't limit themselves. Maybe give it a break after about 15 pages and I think it would probably be plenty.

    Also, Bitch, if you tell me that I wouldn't be depressed if I just had a better attitude about it, I'm going to be upset and lose faith in your credibility.

    Seriously, kids, don't waste your time on this. And if your boss tells you to read it, don't bother, just read this helpful review again.

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